Sunday, 21 May 2017

Armenian Church News - Latest E-Newsletter Volume 3, Issue 13 20th May 2017

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["Armenian Diocese of the UK"]
Diocese of the Armenian Church of the United Kingdom and Ireland

Dear E-Newsletter subscriber, please find volume 3, issue 13 of the Armenian Church News of the Diocese via the link below.Some subscribers have reported that they have not been receiving our newsletters - firstly, please check your spam folders as sometimes emailing systems erroneously put emails in there. Also in Gmail accounts, check your "Promotions" tab and transfer the newsletter that may be in there into the "Primary" inbox. If someone still cannot find their newsletters, please forward this email on to them so that they can read these instructions.
Please note, the Primate's Office has a new email address:

Please click here for the full pdf of this week's newsletter.
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Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Holy Land
From May 2-9, the Primate visited Jerusalem and Holy Land with a group of pilgrims representing Parishes of London. As it is customary the pilgrimage included visits of holy shrines, prayers and meditations, Bible studies as well as discoveries of new culture and people. All the places and shrines visited by the group were related to the earthly ministry of Jesus.
Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Holy Land
Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Holy Land
Ecumenical Evensong at Westminster Abbey
On Friday, 12th May 2017, His Grace Bishop Hovakim Manukyan along with Rev.Fr. Shnork Bagdasarian attended Evensong at Westminster Abbey in honour of the visit to the United Kingdom of His Holiness Pope Tawadros II, Bishop of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of Saint Mark.
Armenian Street Festival
This year ASF takes place on Sunday, 16th of July. To book a stall or sponsor a space, please click the link below to download the forms located at the bottom of the page.
ASF Forms
The Primate's Office
c/o The Armenian Vicarage
Iverna Gardens
London W8 6TP
0208 127 8364
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Armenian News... A Topalian... Stepanakert mortar attack

Interfax - Russia & CIS Military Newswire
May 17, 2017
Baku, Stepanakert trade mortar attack accusations

The Armenian army breached the truce over 100 times on the contact
line in the past 24 hours, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry said in a
report on Wednesday.

"Armenian army units breached the truce 110 times in various sectors
of the frontline over the past day, using 82mm mortars (28 shells),"
the report said.

The gunfire was coming from the territory of Armenia and the 'occupied
Azerbaijani lands', it said.

"The Armenian army was conducting intense fire from various types of
mortars on the positions of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces in the Agdam
sector of the frontline and populated localities behind the frontline
in the evening of May 16 and during the night," the ministry said

According to it, the Armenian army was using drones.

"The hostiles were suppressed as a result of urgent measures; no
damage was incurred by combat vehicles of the Azerbaijani army and
there were no casualties amongst troops. Shells fired by the enemy
mostly fell on vacant cropland and areas near populated localities,"
it said.

The Defense Ministry of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
(NKR) said, for its part, that Nagorno-Karabakh forces returned fire
after enemy mortar attacks.

The Azerbaijani army breached the truce about 60 times on the line of
contact with Nagorno-Karabakh forces and fired over 900 shots on the
Armenian positions on May 16 and during the night into May 17, the
report said.

"In addition to small arms, the Azerbaijani army used 82mm and 120mm
mortars (4 and 17 shells, respectively) in the eastern sector of the
frontline, as well as 60mm and 82mm mortars (15 and 5 shells,
respectively) in the northeastern sector. Forward units of the NKR
Defense Army returned fire in order to suppress the hostile activity,"
it said.

All is relatively quiet on the frontline for now, the ministry said. 

RFE/RL Report 
Armenia Reiterates Readiness For Compromise Solution In Karabakh
May 18, 2017
Suren Musayelyan

A change of the status quo in the protracted Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
is acceptable to Armenia, "but only if there is a comprehensive
solution to the problem."

This was stated by President Serzh Sarkisian in his address to the
Armenian parliament today.

According to Sarkisian, Armenia has repeatedly pronounced in favor of
resolving the conflict with Azerbaijan on the basis of "mutual
concessions whose essence is the recognition and exercise by Artsakh
(ed: Nagorno-Karabakh) of its right to self-determination."

"Yes, on the basis of a compromise, and not unilateral concessions,
yielding to Azerbaijani threats that otherwise a war is inevitable. We
don't want to maintain the status quo for a single day if we don't
have to. We don't want to put the burden of resolving the problem on
the shoulders of the generations to come, and this is what our common
efforts with the mediating countries are aimed at," the Armenian
leader emphasized.

Sarkisian warned, at the same time, that while being ready for a
peaceful solution to the problem, "we are also ready and will be ready
to defend our homeland, our dignity and our freedom at any cost."

Sarkisian's statement comes amid heightened tensions in the
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone where in recent days the Armenian and
Azerbaijani armed forces claimed to have destroyed enemy defense
facilities and inflicted casualties on each other.

As recently as Monday Azerbaijan's Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov
stated that after the Moscow meeting with his Armenian counterpart
Edward Nalbandian hosted by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov he
"got the impression that peace in exchange for an Armenian withdrawal,
in other words, according to the `territories for peace' principle,
was possible."

He said that this was "the logic of the whole negotiating process
during the past 12 years." "Today it is evident to all that Armenia
must withdraw its troops from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan,"
the top Azerbaijani diplomat said.

Armenia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs quickly reacted to the remarks
as its spokesperson Tigran Balayan implied this was not what was
discussed during the Lavrov-Nalbandian-Mammadyarov meeting in late

The American, Russian and French co-chairs of the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe's Minsk Group, which has an
international mandate to broker a peaceful solution to the
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, are expected to pay their next visit to the
region in June or July.

Nagorno-Karabakh broke free from Baku's control in the early 1990s,
triggering a three-year war that killed an estimated 30,000 people and
left ethnic Armenians in control of the region.

The Armenia-backed Karabakh military and Azerbaijani armed forces
clashed in April 2016 in what was later dubbed as a four-day war that
killed dozens on both sides.

International diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict during the
last 25 years have brought little progress.

ARKA, Armenia
May 18 2017
Armenian Tsakhkadzor among top 3 CIS mountain resorts
The Russian TurStat agency has included the Armenian resort town of Tsakhkadzor in the list of the top three most popular mountain summer resorts across the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), a loose union of several former Soviet republics. 

The top five popular mountain resorts are in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. They are Chimbulak (Kazakhstan), Shahdag (Azerbaijan), Tsakhkadzor (Armenia), Chimgan (Uzbekistan) and Karakol (Kyrgyzstan). 

The rating is based on the data of online hotel reservation systems. According to TurStat, tourists plan an active holiday in mountain resorts on average for 7 days. 

The least expensive rest, including accommodation and meals, is offered by Karakol and Chimgan (less than $70 per day), while the most expensive one is in Chimbulak (more than $ 100 per day). In Shahdag – it is $90, and in Tsakhkadzor it is $80 per day. 

Activities in the mountains include mountain trekking, mountain biking and quad biking, horseback riding and fitness. -0- 

Straits Times, Singapore
May 18 2017
Church rich in Armenian history
Camillia Deborah Dass 

In a small sanctuary in Singapore's oldest church, the Very Reverend Father Zaven Yazichyan conducts a traditional Armenian Divine Liturgy service, or Sourp Badarak, for around 20 people. 

Though he lives in Myanmar, Father Zaven, 36, travels here about five or six times a year to conduct a Divine Liturgy at the 182-year-old Armenian Apostolic Church of St Gregory the Illuminator in Hill Street. 

With only an estimated 80 to 100 Armenians living in Singapore, there is no resident priest for the tiny community here, and there has not been one since the 1930s. But its loyal worshippers are not about to let this pillar of Armenian identity, formally recognised as a national monument in 1973, fade away. 

Ms Ani Umedyan, 35, a volunteer at the church who has worshipped there for nine years, moved to Singapore with her husband from Armenia in 2008 and speaks passionately about seeing it grow. 
"When I first started worshipping here, there were only about 20 or so people. Now that more expats have come, there are more people and we are happy to see the church crowded with about 40 to 50 people at each service," said the musician. 

When asked what keeps him motivated to keep flying back to conduct services for such a small crowd, Father Zaven said: "Every soul is important. Even if there are only a few people, it is my duty and honour to minister to them." 

The church was built in 1835 and was officially opened and consecrated in 1836. It was dedicated to St Gregory the Illuminator, who was the first head of the Armenian Apostolic Church. The church, designed by architect George D. Coleman, was given a colonial design on the exterior, with a notably Armenian interior. It has since gone through a number of refurbishments. 

Another draw for the Armenian community here is music. The Armenian Heritage Ensemble was established in 2009 to encourage learning of the history and culture of Armenians. The small group of three permanent musicians performs traditional Armenian music as well as other classical pieces for about 50 Armenians and Singaporeans each time. 

"The aim is to expose people to the church, to our culture and our heritage through music," said one of the church's four trustees, Mr Pierre Hennes, 44. 

Another trustee, Mr Gevorg Sargsyan, 35, added that the concerts bring life to the church. 

The building of the church was commissioned by a group of Armenian families who arrived here on a trade route from Iran and started worshipping in a small space behind John Little & Company, located in modern-day Raffles Place. 

When they requested a permanent worship location, they were given a plot of land in Hill Street by Queen Victoria. 

Contributions from each family raised about half the building costs, with the rest of it coming from overseas Armenian communities. 

The church was built in 1835 and was officially opened and consecrated in 1836. It was dedicated to St Gregory the Illuminator, who was the first head of the Armenian Apostolic Church. 

The church, designed by architect George D. Coleman, was given a colonial design on the exterior, with a notably Armenian interior. It has since gone through a number of refurbishments. 

However, air-conditioning was installed in the building only last year. 

"We had to discuss the plans for air-conditioning with the National Heritage Board for a long time before they agreed to let us do it," said Ms Umedyan, explaining it was crucial they did not disturb the overall look of the sanctuary. 

Even the pews in the sanctuary remain as they originally were when they first arrived, though the rattan has since been replaced. 

In the early 1970s, tombstones of Armenians who died in Singapore were taken to the church grounds from Bukit Timah Cemetery and placed in what is now known as the Memorial Garden. 

Though the community is small, some of its members played a prominent role in Singapore's history. 

People of note in repose in the garden include Mr Catchick Moses, who was the co-founder of The Straits Times; Miss Agnes Joaquim, who bred Singapore's national flower, the Vanda Miss Joaquim; and the Sarkies brothers, who founded Raffles Hotel. 

There are other plans to commemorate the history of the church and the local Armenian community. The first floor of the parsonage is being turned into a museum containing maps, religious relics and Armenian literary works. 

Its deep history makes the Armenian church a favourite stop for tourists. About 100 visitors come every day, many of them Armenian. 

"Based on our guest book, we know that not a single day goes by without an Armenian visitor stopping by," said Mr Sargsyan. 

Currently, the church holds between 30 to 40 Orthodox weddings a year, and couples are simply asked to make a donation. 

[Armenians will see a parallel story to the Armenian Genocide]

The Economist
Salt in old wounds What Germany owes Namibia
Saying sorry for atrocities a century ago has so far made matters worse
May 11th 2017

ON OCTOBER 2nd 1904 General Lothar von Trotha issued what is now notorious as “the extermination order” to wipe out the Herero tribe in what was then German South West Africa, now Namibia. “Within the German borders every Herero, with or without a gun, with or without cattle, will be shot,” his edict read. During the next few months it was just about carried out. Probably four-fifths of the Herero people, women and children included, perished one way or another, though the survivors’ descendants now number 200,000-plus in a total Namibian population, scattered across a vast and mainly arid land, of 2.3m. The smaller Nama tribe, which also rose up against the Germans, was sorely afflicted too, losing perhaps a third of its people, in prison camps or in the desert into which they had been chased.

A variety of German politicians have since acknowledged their country’s burden of guilt, even uttering the dread word “genocide”, especially in the wake of the centenary in 2004. But recent negotiations between the two countries’ governments over how to settle the matter, the wording of an apology and material compensation are becoming fraught. Namibia’s 16,000 or so ethnic Germans, still prominent if not as dominant as they once were in business and farming, are twitchy.

The matter is becoming even more messy because, while the German and Namibian governments set about negotiation, some prominent Herero and Nama figures say they should be directly and separately involved and have embarked on a class-action case in New York under the Alien Tort Statute, which lets a person of any nationality sue in an American court for violations of international law, such as genocide and expropriation of property without compensation.

The main force behind the New York case, Vekuii Rukoro, a former Namibian attorney-general, demands that any compensation should go directly to the Herero and Nama peoples, whereas the Namibian government, dominated by the far more numerous Ovambo people in northern Namibia, who were barely touched by the wars of 1904-07 and lost no land, says it should be handled by the government on behalf of all Namibians. The Namibian government’s amiable chief negotiator, Zedekia Ngavirue, himself a Nama, has been castigated by some of Mr Rukoro’s team as a sell-out. “Tribalism is rearing its ugly head,” says the finance minister, who happens to be an ethnic German.

The German government says it cannot be sued in court for crimes committed more than a century ago because the UN’s genocide convention was signed only in 1948. “Bullshit,” says Jürgen Zimmerer, a Hamburg historian who backs the genocide claim and says the German government is making a mess of things. “They think only like lawyers, not about the moral and political question.” 
“None of the then existing laws was broken,” says a senior German official. “Maybe that’s morally unsatisfactory but it’s the legal position,” he adds. Indeed, German officialdom still makes elaborate semantic contortions to avoid a flat-out acceptance of the G-word, presumably pending a final accord between the two governments. Above all, Germany is determined to avert legal liability for reparations of the sort it accepted for the Jewish Holocaust in an agreement in 1952, while stressing that it is ready to raise the level of every sort of development aid to Namibia, to which it already gives far more per head than it does to any other country in the world. 

Our African Heimat

Meanwhile, Namibia’s ethnic Germans are keeping their heads down, wary of recrimination over the distant past. “The German government does not represent us; we are Namibians,” says a local businessman. Very few of today’s German-speakers are, in any event, descended from the Schutztruppe (literally, “protection force”), the colonial soldiers who slaughtered the Herero and Nama in 1904-07.

All the same, few are happy to use the G-word, let alone accept its accuracy. “We grew up with talk of the colonial wars, the Herero uprising,” says a veteran writer on the Allgemeine Zeitung , Namibia’s German-language daily. “We don’t use the blanket term genocide.”

Namibian Germans often echo Hinrich Schneider-Waterberg, an 85-year-old farmer who has made a second career as a historian bent on rejecting the genocide charge (and who owns the land where a crucial battle between the Germans and the Herero took place). He contends that the Herero started the killing; that German civilians suffered atrocities, too; that the extermination order was soon rescinded in Berlin; that the number of Herero deaths is exaggerated; and that those of the Nama in prison camps were not intentional, thus not genocidal. These points are dismissed by most historians in Germany as “denialist”. 

Burgert Brand, the jovial bishop of the branch of the Lutheran church to which most white Namibian German-speakers belong, acknowledges a German burden of guilt but shrinks at comparison with the Holocaust; some historians in Mr Zimmerer’s camp trace a direct link back to the earlier crimes and racial attitudes of 1904. “It is very frustrating for us bridge-builders, who must start again from scratch,” says the bishop.

Many Namibian Germans are nervous lest the argument over reparations spill over into calls for their farms to be confiscated, as Robert Mugabe has done in Zimbabwe. Werner von Maltzahn, a 69-year-old farmer, recalls how his grandfather, a Prussian baron who settled in the same arid spot in 1913, had to start all over again when the British army requisitioned his cattle in 1915. “Maybe I should ask the English for compensation,” he jokes.

Dr Dikran


Armenian Jerusalem...Challenges


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Friday, 19 May 2017

Armenian News... A Topalian... Missile Strike In Karabakh

RFE/RL Report 

Armenia Confirms Azeri Missile Strike In Karabakh
May 16, 2017

One unit of "military defense equipment" of the ethnic Armenian
Karabakh defense army was partially damaged during a guided missile
strike launched by Azerbaijani armed forces on Monday, according to
Defense Ministry officials in Yerevan and Stepanakert.

In a Facebook post Artsrun Hovannisian, a spokesman for the Armenian
Defense Ministry, said the incident happened in the afternoon as
Azerbaijani armed forces opened fire at one of the Armenian defense
facilities located in the eastern direction of the heavily militarized
line of contact.

The official initially did not specify what kind of military hardware
was hit by the Azerbaijani fire. Later, he told RFE/RL's Armenian
service ( that Azerbaijan launched three Spike missiles
and only one of them hit the target. He said it inflicted only
insignificant damage on an Osa air defense system, while destroying a
vehicle that did not have to do with the system.

Earlier, Azerbaijan's Trend news agency quoted the country's Defense
Ministry as saying that an Armenian Osa air defense system, a supply
vehicle and its crew were destroyed. The Ministry added that the
system's deployment near the line of contact was a "provocation" and a
threat to Azerbaijani aircraft.

Both Hovannisian and his Karabakh counterpart Senor Hasratian denied
that there had been casualties on the Armenian side as a result of the
Azerbaijani strike.

In an identical message posted on their Facebook accounts both
officials said: "We state that the provocation of the Azerbaijani
armed forces will not remain unanswered, while the entire
responsibility for the consequences will lie with the
military-political leadership of Azerbaijan."

The report about the latest incident in Karabakh comes amid heightened
tensions in the Armenian-controlled region that broke free from Baku's
control in the early 1990s, triggering a three-year war that killed an
estimated 30,000 people on both sides.

The Armenia-backed Karabakh military and Azerbaijani armed forces
clashed in April 2016 in what was later dubbed as a four-day war that
killed dozens on both sides.

An internationally mediated negotiation process on the issue
spearheaded by the United States, Russia and France as co-chairs of
the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe's Minsk Group
has yielded no tangible result in resolving the conflict yet.

[a number of worldwide newspapers have repeated Azeri's version of events]
Agence France Presse
May 16, 2017 Tuesday 10:32 AM GMT
Azerbaijan destroys Armenia air defence system in disputed region

Azerbaijan has destroyed an Armenian air defence system in the
breakaway Nagorny Karabakh region, officials in Baku said Tuesday, as
separatist authorities vowed retaliation, raising tensions in the
festering conflict.

Ex-Soviet Azerbaijan and Armenia are locked in a protracted conflict
over the disputed region, and frequent exchanges of fire nearly
spiralled into all-out war last year.

"Azerbaijani forces destroyed on Monday an Armenian Osa air defence
system and its crew in the Fisuli-Khojavend sector of Karabakh's
frontline in order to avert the threat it posed to Azerbaijan's
aircraft," an official from the press service of Azerbaijan's defence
ministry told AFP.

The separatist defence ministry in Karabakh said in a statement that
the Azerbaijani army had damaged its military equipment with a guided
missile, but denied casualties among its troops.

"Azerbaijani forces' provocation will not be left unanswered," it said.

The incident came after bloody clashes erupted between Azerbaijani and
Karabakh troops in February that killed several Azerbaijani

In April last year, at least 110 people from both sides were killed as
simmering violence flared into the worst clashes in decades over the

A Russian-brokered ceasefire ended the four days of fierce fighting
but attempts to relaunch the stalled peace process since then have

Baku and Yerevan have feuded over the Nagorny Karabakh region since
Armenian separatists seized the territory in a war that claimed some
30,000 lives in the early 1990s and ended in a frail 1994 truce.

The two sides never signed a firm peace deal.

Energy-rich Azerbaijan, whose military spending exceeds Armenia's
entire state budget, has repeatedly threatened to take back the
breakaway region by force.

But Moscow-allied Armenia has vowed to crush any military offensive.

armenpress News Agency , Armenia
May 15, 2017 Monday
Number of tourism information centers to increase in Armenia's 
By the initiative of the State TourismCommittee of Armenia’s Ministry 
 of Economic Development and Investments and IRAPA French and 
Armenian communities cooperation platform, a meeting-discussion 
was held in the Ministry on May 15 with the representatives of tourism
 information centers, the Ministry told

The meeting aimed at exchanging information on existing working issues
of information centers, establishing mutual ties, as well as
discussing issues related to forming a system of tourism information

“The activity of tourism information centers is important in terms of
providing necessary information to tourists and ensuring ties with
them. And the formation of the system derives from the necessity to
provide a common reliable information”, Chairman of the State Tourism
Committee Zarmine Zeytuntsyan said.

The meeting was attended by representatives of tourism information
centers, information management bodies and specialists who shared
their knowledge on the international experience and model, by giving
also practical recommendations to the meeting participants.

Within the frames of 2017 tourism development annual program, it is
expected to provide state assistance to 5 tourism information centers.

ARKA, Armenia
May 17 2017
Many computers in Armenia infected with WannaCry 

WannaCry cryptolocker, a virus spread worldwide, has already reached Armenia, Samvel Martirosyan, a cyber security specialist, said in an interview with ARKA News Agency.

In his words, about 1,000 computers in Armenia, not only in the private sector, are already infected with WannaCry.

“The problem is that software in many computers is not updated, and this makes them more vulnerable to possible attacks,” Martirosyan said in his interview. “This applies to both home computers and office equipment in government agencies.”

To avoid problems, he said, users should update all systems in time and not to shut down antivirus software.

Commenting on reports about the imminent second wave of the global cyber attack, Martirosyan didn’t rule out it, since the virus is based on open-source software, and this gives other hackers room to use this vulnerability. --0---

Panorama, Armenia
May 17 2017
British MP: UK should recognize the Armenian Genocide
Author Nvard Chalikyan 

British MP Stephen Pound in the video interview says that the United Kingdom owes it to the Armenian people to recognize the Armenian Genocide. Pound, who has raised this issue as well as the issue of Nagorno-Karabakh many times in the British Parliament, also criticizes Azerbaijan for its aggression against Nagorno-Karabakh and for being a failed state.

Mr. Pound, who has personally visited Artsakh, describes Stepanakert as a modern city. He also saw in Shushi the bullets that were left over as a result of the fighting; “I saw a… missile sticking out of the wall of a Monastery! We can’t have that”, – he says. He believes that such visits are important because on the one hand the ongoing cross-border incursions from Azerbaijan are very dangerous, and on the other hand because Azerbaijan stages propaganda wars, publicity coups and gives special treatment to some parliamentarians from UK. The propaganda war in Europe is being fought by an organization called TEAS – The European-Azerbaijani Society.

“[TEAS] spreads propaganda that there are refugees and displaced people on both sides. When I was in Stepanakert, I saw with my own eyes – underneath the famous statue of the Daddy and Mommy houses were being built. So if Armenia can build it why on earth Azeris are not building houses for their people; why are they still in tents? I was told that Nagorno-Karabakh was an ‘occupied’ territory. But everybody I spoke to [there] said they were Armenians. Of course they are!” – says the MP.

Pound believes that the issue of Nagorno-Karabakh is important to the Western nations today partly because it was the most awful consequence of the collapse of the Soviet Union.

“Of all the wars that took place (Chechnia, Donetsk)... that was the single most bloody and most awful one, because Nagorno-Karabakh was forcibly contained within the area by Stalin... Also, Azerbaijan is an Azeri country who speaks the same language as the Turks; therefore many people in their folk memories felt there was a great similarity with the past. [The people of Karabakh] were people who were quintessentially Armenian, and you have to allow the people the privilege of choosing where they want to be – they wanted to be in Armenia”, – he says.

As for Azerbaijan, Steven Pound highlights that Azerbaijan has many internal issues with corruption, human rights and economy and that instead of focusing on Karabakh they should pay greater attention to these issues.

“Azerbaijan is a failed state. It is a state which is run on corruption, a state which is immensely rich but is utterly corrupt at every level – from President to the President’s family... The Azeris have more important things to do than to worry about Artsakh... When you have a country that is a failed state the easiest thing to do is to choose an enemy outside. The idea of Armenia being an aggressor nation I find particularly bizarre. On the other hand Azerbaijan jails dissidents, has no free press, has utter censorship. They find it easier to say ‘don’t look inwards, look outwards... Instead of worrying about Armenia they should look at their own reflection in the mirror”, – he says.

Stephen Pound has also many times raised the issue of the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by the UK in the British Parliament. “I think I owe it, like anyone else in this Parliament does, to those people whom we didn’t help in 1915”, – he says, calling the report by Lord Bryce and Arnold Toynbee on the Armenian Genocide as a way in which England made reparation for its lack of assistance during those times.

The British MP stresses also that what the Ottoman Empire sought to destroy was a very advanced and unique Armenian culture, and says that Turkey should pay reparations to Armenians, following the example of Germany and Austria.

“The reparation issue is entirely valid and fair. Germany has paid reparations to Poland after the World War II. If Poland could get reparations from Germany and Austria (they created a fund of reparations which is absolutely important because it gives a closure) it means that Poland can now be at peace with Germany.

Never mind what happened before, they have accepted it, apologised for it and made reparations. If modern Turkey could do the same thing then I think that could bring a measure of peace and satisfaction to Armenia. Ultimately, when I visited Western Armenia, as I still think of it, I would love to see those villages occupied again, particularly around Lake Van – they are so Armenian. Reparations are very important because they are an actual physical demonstration. If Germany and Austria could do it, Turkey also can”, – says the British MP.