Friday, 30 March 2012


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Ravished Armenia (1919). Full film about Armenian Genocide in Turkey

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  • Choose to love. It's often very difficult, but it is what our Lord and Savior Jesus asked of us. The world is appropriately round. All things come around, and we all sow the seeds we plant.

  • Turks your day of reckoning will come soon ! No wonder EU does not want your filthy asses in Europe.You (Turks) are two good; good for nothing an No good !

  • Personally you don't deserve proof! You deserve to remain ignorant and look stupid to the world!

  • 1.5 million people dead lol when the population of armenians was 1.1 million give me a break you guys love making up fairytales!!!!! dont forget the hunchaks and the dashnaks in the 1880s !!!!!


  • R.I.P. our 1.5 million martyrs ,we will never forget you.

    We need no more to convice genocidal,murdered,barbarous

    denialist turks about their crime ;enough is said ; now we must

    only take our rights by FORCE and PUNISH them .

  • Oot, ma ei saanud päris aru seal alguses, et kas see siis on lavastus sellest mis toimus? Ei ühtki päris kaadrit?

    Here are my thoughts on the Armenian Genocide by the Young Turks of 1915.

    You must remember Turks now are not responsible for the persecution of Armenian's, kept ignorant for decades Turks are just the fruits of some of our own kind… Be patient don’t talk of violence… even though I can understand the pressure of the recognition of the genocide is important with the approach of our centennial. There are many people who are working towards this very event happening, hence the commemorations on the 24th April… Its 97th year in waiting for the advancement!

    If you want to do something then go out into the street, dance and sing in churches. Tell your friends, neighbours, MP’s, THE MEDIA, of our plight. And most of all have:


    Here is a definitive reference in what constitutes Genocide! Note, it begins in 1944… long after our own even in 1915… Thus, making The Armenian Genocide the first in the history of the 20th Century.


    ‪Genocide definitions

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    This is a list of scholarly and international legal definitions of genocide,[1] a word coined by Raphael Lemkin in 1944.[2] While there are various definitions of the term, almost all international bodies of law officially adjudicate the crime of genocide pursuant to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG).[3] This and other definitions are generally regarded by the majority of genocide scholars to have an "intent to destroy" as a requirement for any act to be labeled genocide; there is also growing agreement on the inclusion of the physical destruction criterion.[4]

    Writing in 1998 Kurt Jonassohn and Karin Björnson stated that the CPPCG was a legal instrument resulting from a diplomatic compromise. As such the wording of the treaty is not intended to be a definition suitable as a research tool, and although it is used for this purpose, as it has an international legal credibility that others lack, other definitions have also been postulated. Jonassohn and Björnson go on to say that for various reasons, none of these alternative definitions have gained widespread support.[5]





    Raphael Lemkin

    By 'genocide' we mean the destruction of an ethnic group . . . . Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups . . ..

    (Axis Rule in Occupied Europe ix. 79)[2][6]


    Count 3 of the indictment of the 24 Nazi leaders at the Nuremberg Trials

    They (the defendants) conducted deliberate and systematic genocide - viz., the extermination of racial and national groups - against the civilian populations of certain occupied territories in order to destroy particular races and classes of people, and national, racial or religious groups, particularly Jews, Poles, Gypsies and others.[7][8]


    Raphael Lemkin

    The crime of genocide should be recognized therein as a conspiracy to exterminate national, religious or racial groups. The overt acts of such a conspiracy may consist of attacks against life, liberty or property of members of such groups merely because of their affiliation with such groups. The formulation of the crime may be as follows: "Whoever, while participating in a conspiracy to destroy a national, racial or religious group, undertakes an attack against life, liberty or property of members of such groups is guilty of the crime of genocide. (Genocide, American Scholar, Volume 15, no. 2 (April 1946), p. 227-230)[8]


    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 96 (I) (11 December)

    Genocide is a denial of the right of existence of entire human groups, as homicide is the denial of the right to live of individual human beings; such denial of the right of existence shocks the conscience of mankind, ... and is contrary to moral law and to the spirit and aims of the United Nations. ...

    The General Assembly, therefore, affirms that genocide is a crime under international law ... whether the crime is committed on religious, racial, political or any other grounds ...[9]


    The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 9 December 1948 and came into effect on 12 January 1951 (Resolution 260 (III)). Article 2:

    Any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. (Article 2 CPPCG)


    Peter Drost

    Genocide is the deliberate destruction of physical life of individual human beings by reason of their membership of any human collectivity as such. (The Crime of State, Volume 2, Leiden, 1959, p. 125.)[10][11]


    Vahakn Dadrian

    Genocide is the successful attempt by a dominant group, vested with formal authority and/or with preponderant access to the overall resources of power, to reduce by coercion or lethal violence the number of a minority group whose ultimate extermination is held desirable and useful and whose respective vulnerability is a major factor contributing to the decision for genocide. (A Typology of Genocide)[12]


    Irving Louis Horowitz

    [Genocide is] a structural and systematic destruction of innocent people by a state bureaucratic apparatus. . . . Genocide represents a systematic effort over time to liquidate a national population, usually a minority . . . [and] functions as a fundamental political policy to assure conformity and participation of the citizenry. (Genocide: State Power and Mass Murder)[13]


    Leo Kuper

    I shall follow the definition of genocide given in the [UN] Convention. This is not to say that I agree with the definition. On the contrary, I believe a major omission to be in the exclusion of political groups from the list of groups protected. In the contemporary world, political differences are at the very least as signicant a basis for massacre and annihilation as racial, national, ethnic or religious differences. Then too, the genocides against racial, national, ethnic or religious groups are generally a consequence of, or intimately related to, political conflict. However, I do not think it helpful to create new definitions of genocide, when there is an internationally recognized definition and a Genocide Convention which might become the basis for some effective action, however limited the underlying conception. But since it would vitiate the analysis to exclude political groups, I shall refer freely . . . to liquidating or exterminatory actions against them. (Genocide: Its Political Use in the Twentieth Century)[14]


    Jack Nusan Porter

    Genocide is the deliberate destruction, in whole or in part, by a government or its agents, of a racial, sexual, religious, tribal or political minority. It can involve not only mass murder, but also starvation, forced deportation, and political, economic and biological subjugation. Genocide involves three major components: ideology, technology, and bureaucracy/organization.[15]


    Yehuda Bauer

    [Genocide is] the planned destruction, since the mid-nineteenth century, of a racial, national, or ethnic group as such, by the following means: (a) selective mass murder of elites or parts of the population; (b) elimination of national (racial, ethnic) culture and religious life with the intent of "denationalization"; (c) enslavement, with the same intent; (d) destruction of national (racial, ethnic) economic life, with the same intent; (e) biological decimation through the kidnapping of children, or the prevention of normal family life, with the same intent. . . . [Holocaust is] the planned physical annihilation, for ideological or pseudo-religious reasons, of all the members of a national, ethnic, or racial group.[15][16]


    Tony Barta

    My conception of a genocidal society – as distinct from a genocidal state – is one in which the bureaucratic apparatus might officially be directed to protect innocent people but in which a whole race is nevertheless subject to remorseless pressures of destruction inherent in the very nature of the society. ("Relations of Genocide: Land and Lives in the Colonization of Australia", pp. 239–240.)[17] (see also Australian genocide debate)


    Isidor Wallimann and Michael N. Dobkowski

    Genocide is the deliberate, organized destruction, in whole or in large part, of racial or ethnic groups by a government or its agents. It can involve not only mass murder, but also forced deportation (ethnic cleansing), systematic rape, and economic and biological subjugation. (Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. Reissue of an early work.)[18]


    Henry Huttenbach

    Genocide is any act that puts the very existence of a group in jeopardy. (Locating the Holocaust on the genocide spectrum: towards a methodology of definition and categorization, Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Vol 3, No 3, pp 389–403.)[19][20]


    Helen Fein

    Genocide is a series of purposeful actions by a perpetrator(s) to destroy a collectivity through mass or selective murders of group members and suppressing the biological and social reproduction of the collectivity. This can be accomplished through the imposed proscription or restriction of reproduction of group members, increasing infant mortality, and breaking the linkage between reproduction and socialization of children in the family or group of origin. The perpetrator may represent the state of the victim, another state, or another collectivity. (Genocide: A Sociological Perspective, London)[11][19]


    Barbara Harff and Ted Gurr

    the promotion and execution of policies by a state or its agents which result in the deaths of a substantial portion of a group ...[when] the victimized groups are defined primarily in terms of their communal characteristics, i.e., ethnicity, religion or nationality.(Toward empirical theory of genocides and politicides, International Studies Quarterly, 37:3, 1988)[21]


    Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn

    Genocide is a form of one-sided mass killing in which a state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are defined by the perpetrator. (The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies, Yale University Press)[19][22]


    John L. P. Thompson and Gail A. Quets

    In short, given the problems which arise from restrictions, we define genocide as the destruction of a group by purposive action. This allows the role of intentional action to be explored, different subtypes of genocide to be compared, and the impact of different factors on genocide to be examined empirically. ("Genocide and Social Conflict: A Partial Theory and Comparison", p. 248)[23]


    Helen Fein

    Genocide is sustained purposeful action by a perpetrator to physically destroy a collectivity directly or indirectly, through interdiction of the biological and social reproduction of group members, sustained regardless of the surrender or lack of threat offered by the victim. (Genocide: A Sociological Perspective, 1993/1990)[21][24]


    Steven T. Katz

    [Genocide is] the actualization of the intent, however successfully carried out, to murder in its totality any national, ethnic, racial, religious, political, social, gender or economic group, as these groups are defined by the perpetrator, by whatever means.(The Holocaust in Historical Perspective, Vol. 1, 1994) [Modified by Adam Jones in 2000 to read, "murder in whole or in substantial part. ..."][22][24]


    Israel Charny

    Genocide in the generic sense means the mass killing of substantial numbers of human beings, when not in the course of military action against the military forces of an avowed enemy, under conditions of the essential defencelessness of the victim. (Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions ed. George Andreopoulos)[22][24][25]


    Irving Louis Horowitz

    Genocide is herein defined as a structural and systematic destruction of innocent people by a state bureaucratic apparatus [emphasis in original]. . . . Genocide mean the physical dismemberment and liquidation of people on large scales, an attempt by those who rule to achieve the total elimination of a subject people.[24][26]


    The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

    Article 6 of the Rome Statute provides that ‘genocide’ means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such (a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.


    Barbara Harff

    Genocides and politicides are the promotion, execution, and/or implied consent of sustained policies by governing elites or their agents — or, in the case of civil war either of the contending authorities — that are intended to destroy, in whole or part, a communal, political, or politicized ethnic group.[24]


    Martin Shaw

    Genocide is a form of violent social conflict or war, between armed power organizations that aim to destroy civilian social groups and those groups and other actors who resist this destruction. Genocidal action is action in which armed power organizations treat civilian social groups as enemies and aim to destroy their real or putative social power, by means of killing, violence and coercion against individuals whom they regard as members of the groups.[27]


    Dovid Katz

    Genocide is the mass murder of as many people as possible on the basis of born national, ethnic, racial or religious identity as such; with intent to eliminate the targeted group entirely and internationally; without allowing the victims any option to change views, beliefs or allegiances to save themselves; and with large-scale accomplished fulfilment of the goal. Genocide leaves in its wake an extinct or nearly extinct group within the territory under the control of the perpetrators.[28]



    1. ^ Based on a list by Adam Jones pp.15-18

    2. ^ a b Oxford English Dictionary "Genocide" citing Raphael Lemkin Axis Rule in Occupied Europe ix. 79

    3. ^ See, e.g., Dunoff, Ratner, and Wippman, International Law: Norms, Actors, Process, pp. 615-21 (2d ed. 2006).

    4. ^ Adam Jones pp.20-21,24

    5. ^ Jonassohn, pp. 133-135

    6. ^ Diane F. Orentlicher Genocide

    7. ^ Oxford English Dictionary "Genocide" citing Sunday Times 21 October1945

    8. ^ a b Raphael Lemkin, Genocide American Scholar, Volume 15, no. 2 (April 1946), p. 227-230

    9. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 96 (I): The Crime of Genocide

    10. ^ Adam Jones p. 15

    11. ^ a b Hans-Lukas Kieser & Dominik Schaller Kolloquium: Der Völkermord an den Armeniern und die Shoah

    12. ^ Adam Jones pp. 14,15

    13. ^ Adam Jones pp. 14,16

    14. ^ Adam Jones pp. 3,14,16

    15. ^ a b Adam Jones p. 16

    16. ^ Adam Jones notes that Bauer distinguishes between "genocide" and "holocaust"

    17. ^ Barta, pp. 237-252.

    18. ^ Adam Jones pp. 17,32

    19. ^ a b c Adam Jones p. 17

    20. ^ Yaroslav Bilinsky Was the Ukrainian Famine of 1932-1933 Genocide? Journal of Genocide Research (1999), 1(2), 147-156

    21. ^ a b 2007 Global Conference on the Prevention of Genocide – What is Genocide? McGill Faculty of Law (McGill University)

    22. ^ a b c Social Scientists' Definitions of Genocide Institute for the Study of Genocide, International Association of Genocide Scholars

    23. ^ Thompson, pp. 245-266

    24. ^ a b c d e Adam Jones p. 18

    25. ^ Andreopoulos (1997), p. 76

    26. ^ Adam Jones notes that Horowitz supports "carefully distinguishing the [Jewish] Holocaust from genocide"; and that Horowitz also refers to "the phenomenon of mass murder, for which genocide is a synonym".

    27. ^ Shaw (2007), p. 154

    28. ^ Katz 2009, p 269



    Jones, Adam. Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction, Routledge/Taylor & Francis Publishers, 2006. ISBN 0-415-35385-8. Chapter 1: The Origins of Genocide pages 15–18

    Andreopoulos, George J. Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997 ISBN 0812216164, 9780812216165

    Barta, Tony. 1987. "Relations of Genocide: Land and Lives in the Colonization of Australia". In I. Wallimann & M. N. Dobkowski (Eds.), Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and case studies of mass death, New York: Greenwood.

    Jonassohn, Kurt and Karin Solveig Björnson. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations in Comparative Perspective., Transaction Publishers, 1998, ISBN 0765804174, 9780765804174.

    Shaw, Martin (2007). What is Genocide? Cambridge: Polity Press, ISBN 9780745635415

    Staff, 2007 Global Conference on the Prevention of Genocide – What is Genocide? McGill faculty of law (McGill University) . A collection of genocide definitions by the Aegis Trust

    Staff. Social Scientists' Definitions of Genocide, Institute for the Study of Genocide, International Association of Genocide Scholars

    Thompson, John L., & Gail A. Quets. 1990. "Genocide and Social Conflict: A Partial Theory and Comparison". pp. 245–266 in L. Kriesberg (Ed.), Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and change (Vol. 12). Greenwood, CN: JAI Press.

    Katz, Dovid (2009). "On three definitions: Genocide, Holocaust Denial, Holocaust Obfuscation". In Donskis, Leonidas. A Litmus Test Case of Modernity. Examining Modern Sensibilities and the Public Domain in the Baltic States at the Turn of the Century. Interdisciplinary Studies on Central and Eastern Europe. 5. Bern: Peter Lang. pp. 259–277.